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A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.
The most of these prehistoric structures were built in the 2nd and 1st millennium BC, from the middle Bronze Age to the end of the Iron Age, by the Illyrians or their direct ancestors in the same place; the Liburnian inhumation of dead under tumuli was certainly inherited from the earlier times, as early as the Copper Age.In the United Kingdom, barrows of a wide range of types were in widespread use for burying the dead from the late Neolithic until the end of the Bronze Age, 2900-800BC.Square barrows were occasionally used in the Iron Age (800BC-43AD) in the east of England.The interred objects included pottery shards from Samos, some well-crafted enamels, and a mask of Ancient Greek design. Man from Kupres- the skeleton found in one of the tumuli is believed to be more than 3000 years old and it is kept in Gorica museum in Livno. During the Bronze and Iron Age it was a place of strong Glasinac culture, who buried their dead in tumulus.Hundreds of Thracian burial mounds are found throughout Bulgaria, including the Kazanlak and Sveshtari tombs, UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Smaller tumuli were used as the burial mounds, while bigger (some up to 7 metres high with 60 metres long base) were the cenotaphs (empty tombs) and ritual places.